The Main Essence and the Essential Characteristics of Criminal Law

Criminal law is a set of rules that define crimes and relate to their punishment. This branch of the study of law, as a rule, is punitive. Crimes defined in criminal law must include appropriate and proportionate penalties for those who violate the provisions of criminal law. The nature and purpose of enacting criminal laws is to maintain and maintain peace and order. Violations of the provisions of this decree form are common in the daily life of police departments, officers and even in some streets of almost every country. Therefore, to avoid and prevent the commission of criminal offenses, violations of criminal law are often subject to serious penalties imposed by the courts in accordance with the rules adopted for this purpose.

The provisions of criminal law are binding or prohibitive.

Violations of mandatory provisions generally take the form of omissions of what is legally prescribed and expected of the person. Actions prohibited by law constitute a criminal offense. An example of legislative omission is the legal obligation of parents to provide immediate assistance to their child in their care in cases where the child suffers serious health emergencies.

This parental care and support must be respected in good faith by the child’s parents, and in case of inaction due to negligence or intentional intention, the parents are punished by law for what could happen to their child, whether they are injuries simple physical or, worse, death. Therefore, the murder is due to the fact that the parents do not perform the due diligence required by law to protect the life of a minor who died due to lack of proper care. With respect to crimes related to the commission of a crime, some acts are expressly prohibited by law, for example, the murder of another person, with the exception of some exempt and justifiable circumstances prescribed by law.


For both violations, whether the inaction or the breach of the provisions of the criminal law, the court and its officials must comply with certain rules regarding their trial and punishment. These rules are promulgated to ensure that the truth is revealed, and all material facts and circumstances are considered in the course of the trial. It also guarantees that the rights of the accused and the interests of the public are protected to avoid a judicial error. Criminal law not only refers to violations of the accused, but also establishes their rights in the criminal justice system. These rights of the accused and the public interest in the search for the truth and in the establishment of a genuine person who committed the heinous act must be carefully balanced to exclude the truth from the alibi and the assumptions that may come from both sides.